Stem cell therapy is a type of therapy that uses stem cells to help treat or prevent medical conditions or diseases. Stem cell therapy is becoming more popular as doctors are finding more uses where stem cells can help a patient. The most common type of stem cell therapy is a bone marrow transplant. While this is the most common type of therapy currently, there are other therapies that are beginning to be used more often than before.
A bone marrow transplant is a therapy that is common in patients dealing with cancer. The bone marrow transplant can help with both lymphoma and leukemia. When a person with cancer undergoes chemotherapy, a lot of cells are killed since the chemotherapy cannot discern what are good cells and which are bad cells. For this reason, many people that have had chemotherapy for leukemia or lymphoma need to have cells replaced in their bodies. A bone marrow transplant will take bone marrow from a donor and introduce it to the patient that has undergone chemotherapy. This will jump start the production of new cells that are required in the body.
Other therapies that have been deemed safe are stem cells to help with bone, eye, or skin diseases or injuries. In these cases, stem cells are placed in tissue that is used to help heal an injury. The tissue will be grafted or implanted into the patient and the stem cells will help to boost the healing. A common use of stem cells for the body is in burn victims. When a person has a major burn that covers a large area, the stem cells from skin tissue can be used to grow the skin in a laboratory. The issue with creating the new skin for burn victims is that it’s not exactly like typical skin. The grown skin will not have hair follicles, oil glands, or sweat glands. For this reason, researchers are still experimenting to try to create better results when producing new skin for the burn victims.
Another type of stem cell therapy is using umbilical cord blood. The stem cells in the cord blood can help to treat leukemia and Fanconi anemia in children. When the cord blood is extracted from the umbilical cord, the cells are then frozen and stored in a cell bank. If the need arises for the cells, they can be removed and put to use. When cord blood stem cells are going to be used as a treatment method, the cells will have to be matched to the patient to try to reduce the risk of rejection. The positive thing about cord blood is that it has a much lower chance of rejection than other techniques, such as a bone marrow transplant.
Stem cell therapy can be very helpful with certain disease or conditions. Advancements in medicine are allowing us to figure out new ways to utilize stem cells so that more people can receive the benefits from this type of therapy. While there may not seem like there are many uses for stem cell therapy, more and more therapies, like this found at the site Build Better Relationships For Health, are being tried and proving to be effective which will eventually lead to more ways to help a patient that’s dealing with problems that other therapies may not help.